Tenant rights are frequently misunderstood. Landlords and tenants occasionally have disagreements, which is why it’s critical to understand each party’s legal rights in any case. So, what rights do tenants in the UK have while renting?
Tenant rights include the right to live in a safe environment:
Every renter has the legal right to live in a home with adequate living conditions. You can be well aware of this when you take the help of a professional who will guide you smoothly through the process. If you are looking for a home in Tewkesbury, then you can get in touch with the estate agents in Tewkesbury to ensure your letting process is smooth. Landlords must ensure that their property meets the following requirements under the Homes (Fitness for Human Habitation) Act 2018:
- Is suitable for human habitation at the moment the property is rented and at the start of the lease
- Throughout the tenure, it will be suitable for human habitation.
This means having a functioning oven, hot water, and phone ports. By the designated move-in date on the lease, landlords must have their property ready and safe for occupancy.
A landlord who fails to comply with these criteria is in violation of the tenancy agreement.
Right of access to gas, electricity, and energy efficiency data for tenants
Certificate of Gas Safety:
Landlords must schedule a gas safety inspection with a Gas Safe registered engineer every 12 months. When doing so, landlords should first arrange a convenient time with the tenant and give them at least 24 hours’ written notice. When the engineer arrives, tenants should examine the engineer’s Gas Safe ID card. This demonstrates that they are Gas Safe registered and the work that they are qualified to do. Landlords are required by law to provide a copy of the gas safety report to their tenants within 28 days following the inspection. The landlord must rectify any faults identified in the report within 28 days if they are not addressed in the report. When a new tenant moves in, the landlord must provide a copy of the most recent gas safety certificate to the tenant. This should be done prior to the start of the new tenancy. It’s critical to double-check the certificate’s expiration date to confirm it’s still valid.
Condition Report on the Electrical Installation (EICR):
All rental properties must have a valid Electrical Installation Condition Report by April 1st, 2021, according to new laws (EICR). Unless otherwise stated on the report, an EICR is valid for five years. The inspection’s goal is to uncover any potential fire hazards as well as any defective electrical equipment that has to be fixed. At the commencement of a tenancy or after a new EICR is issued, landlords should provide a copy of the EICR to their tenants. If the tenant has not been shown a copy, he or she has the right to seek one.
Certificate of Energy Efficiency (EPC):
A property’s energy efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions are described in an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC). A Domestic Energy Assessor is the person who performs the EPC. The assessor conducts interior and external inspections to establish a building’s energy efficiency. Every property listing should provide the EPC rating. If not, tenants have the right to request a copy from their landlord or agent. If a renter requests a copy of the EPC, landlords are legally required to provide it.
The Legal Right of a Renter to Quiet Pleasure:
“Quiet enjoyment” is a right that tenants have. This is the right to reside in a property without their landlord or letting agent interfere. Despite the fact that the landlord owns the rental property, they do not have the right to enter their tenant’s residence without their permission. After giving the tenant at least 24 hours’ notice in writing, the landlord or renting agent can get access to the premises at a “decent time of day.”
Trespassing and a violation of the tenancy will occur if a tenant’s landlord/letting agency enters their home without their permission. In this case, the tenant would be able to file a complaint with their local government. The landlord/letting agency might be punished with harassment under the Housing Act 1988 if they continue to show up without notice. They may also risk a fine and a court order to stay away from their renters’ homes.
Only in an emergency, such as a fire, flood, or suspected gas leak, can a landlord or letting agent enter the rented property without warning.
Right to Receive Eviction Warnings as a Tenant:
Landlords in England are required to give their tenants at least two months’ legal notice before evicting them. The majority of private renters have secured short-term leases. Even though they don’t have a written tenancy agreement, tenants with this sort of tenancy are entitled to a legal notification in writing.
Landlords are unable to evict renters during the fixed duration of a tenancy unless the tenant violates the tenancy agreement or the contract has a break clause. This could include not paying rent or causing damage to the property. If a tenant stays longer than the set term and converts to a periodic tenancy, the landlord can use a Section 21 notice to evict them. A minimum of two months’ notice is required.
On an assured or assured shorthold tenancy, a Section 8 notice can be used to remove the tenant. To utilise this form of notice, the landlord would require a legal justification or ‘ground.’ In addition, they would have to prove the ground in court. Rent arrears are the most typical reason for a private landlord to use a Section 8 notice.
These are some of the most important rights that tenants have while renting a property.